The solar panel diagram below shows how solar energy is converted into electricity through the use of a silicon cell. The below image is not a solar panel wiring diagram, if you need access to a wiring plan, you could consult a specialist electrician, or solar installer.

In the diagram below, you can see how a solar panel converts sunlight into energy to provide electricity for a range of appliances.

This energy can be used for heating, through the use of solar hot water panels, or electricity through the use of regular solar cells.

Solar panel diagram

The Theory Behind The Solar Panel Diagram

As you can see from the above diagram of a solar panel, photons are contained within the suns rays and beam down to earth.

Once these photons reach the solar panel, they are absorbed by the silicon material, and this allows electrons to be knocked off their orbit.

As the electrons are knocked off their orbit, they become free electrons and are able to pick up a current, resulting in the flow of electricity to external sources.

New technologies are making renewable energy devices much more efficient and a viable contender for electricity production from fossil fuels.

The Use Of Electricity From Solar Panels

As the solar panel diagram shows, you can see how power is sourced out to various locations, this depends on how you plan to use the energy harnessed by a solar cell.

Possible uses of solar electricity could be to incorporate the current into an existing power supply, provide a separate power supply dependent upon the solar panel, to charge solar batteries for the storage of solar electricity, or even to sell back to the national grid.

Solar panels can even be used to heat water in different designs. Some home swimming pools also use solar energy to heat the water, however this can usually be a very expensive option.

Solar energy has a huge advantage for providing electricity in remote locations due to the simple running requirements (i.e. no fossil fuels need to be transported the location).

A remote solar panel system can provide electricity for vital tasks where the laying of electricity cable is not practical, a working example of this is on satellites.